Long work hours and alcohol abuse linked
TOO much work and too much wine go together like biscuits and cheese, a new international study finds.
EMPLOYEES who work more than 48 hours a week are 11 per cent more likely to over consume alcohol than those who work a standard week, Finnish researchers say.
The study looked at more than 300,000 people in Australia, Europe and North America.
No differences were seen between men and women, says the study, published in the British Medical Journal.
他們發現，性別差異對這一結論并無影響。該研究結果近日刊登在《英國醫學雜志》（British Medical Journal）上。
Risky alcohol consumption is considered as more than 14 drinks a week for women and more than 21 drinks a week for men.
About 20 per cent of Australians drink at levels that put them at risk of lifetime harm from injury or disease.
Drinking alcohol can affect the liver or cause brain damage, heart disease, high blood pressure and increases the risk of many cancers.
Study author Marianna Virtanen said while alcohol might help ease the stress of working long periods of time, risky consumption could lead to difficulties in the workplace, such as poor performance.
The European Union Working Time Directive ensures that workers in EU countries have the right to work no more than 48 hours a week, including overtime.
歐盟工作時間指令（The European Union Working Time Directive）的推出，保障了歐盟工作者可享有每周工作（包括加班）時長不超過48小時的權利。
"But many people, for example well-educated managers and professionals, work much longer hours to achieve faster promotions, salary increases, and more control over work and employment," said Prof Virtanen, of the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health.
芬蘭職業健康研究所（Finnish Institute of Occupational Health）的維爾塔寧教授說：“但還是有很多人，比如受過高等教育的管理者和專業人士，會通過加班來實現更快的晉升、加薪和擴大求職優勢。”
In Australia, it's recommended that healthy men and women drink no more than two standard drinks a day.
consume: 吃; 喝
high blood pressure: 高血壓